BAHASA DAN SENI
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Edisi : Vol.1, No.1 (2012)
Judul : SPACE LEXICALIZATION IN COMPOSITIONS BY INDONESIAN EFL LEARNERS: TOWARD NEAR-NATIVE style
Penulis : ACHMAD EFENDI
Abstrak :

Abstract. This research intends to find out whether or not Indonesian EFL learners
are aware of the presence of “space” and lexicalize it in their English compositions.
It takes 21 seventh-semester English Department students as research subjects.
They are given story pictures and asked to write a narrative. The resulting 21 EFL
narratives are measured against a native-speaker narrative model in terms of “spatial
words” (prepositions and adverbial particles) producing the following comparisons:
6.6% : 7.2% in total 78.2% : 85.7% used dynamically 95.5% : 100% used obligatorily
and 19.2% : 28.6% used in phrasal verbs. This means that Indonesian EFL
learners are sensitive enough to “space” and know how to lexicalize it in their compositions.
Theoretically their sensitivity to “space” implies that while learning English
they have undergone some cognitive restructuring; and practically EFL learners
who wish to acquire near-native style in writing should be competent in space lexicalization.

Kata Kunci : space lexicalization spatial words near-native writing style
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